Self-Powered Vehicle Emission Testing System Based on Coupling of Triboelectric and Chemoresistive Effects
Qingqing Shen, Xinkai Xie, Mingfa Peng, Na Sun, Huiyun Shao, Hechuang Zheng, Zhen Wen,* and Xuhui Sun*
Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Joint International Research Laboratory of Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
Traditional triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG)-based self-powered chemical-sensing systems are demonstrated by measuring the triboelectric effect of the sensing materials altered by the external stimulus. However, the limitations of triboelectric sensing materials and instable outputs caused by ambient environment significantly restrict their practical applications. In this work, a stable and reliable self-powered chemical-sensing system is proposed by coupling triboelectric effect and chemoresistive effect. The whole system is constructed as the demo of a self-powered vehicle emission test system by connecting a vertical contact–separate mode TENG as energy harvester with a series-connection resistance-type gas sensor as exhaust detector and the parallel-connection commercial light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as alarm. The output voltage of TENG varies with the variable working states of the gas sensor and then directly reflects on the on/off status of the LEDs. The working mechanism can be ascribed to the specific output characteristics of the TENG tuned by the load resistance of the gas sensor, which is responded to the gas environment. This self-powered sensing system is not affected by working frequency and requires no external power supply, which is favorable to improve the stability and reliability for practical application.