Rational Synthesis and Assembly of Ni3S4 Nanorods for Enhanced Electrochemical Sodium-Ion Storage
Jun Deng,e Qiufang Gong,e Hualin Ye, Kun Feng, Junhua Zhou, Chenyang Zha, Jinghua Wu, Junmei Chen, Jun Zhong, and Yanguang Li
Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nanoscience and Technology, Soochow University, 199 Ren-AiRoad, Suzhou 215123, China.
ethese authors contribute equally
Even though advocated as the potential low-cost alternatives to current lithium-ion technology, the practical viability of sodium-ion batteries remains illusive and depends on the development of high-performance electrode materials. Very few candidates available at present can simultaneously meet the requirements on capacity, rate capability, and cycle life. Herein, we report a high-temperature solution method to prepare Ni3S4 nanorods with uniform sizes. These colloidal nanorods readily self-assemble side by side and form microsized superstructures, which unfortunately negates the nanoscale feature of individual nanorods. To this end, we further introduce two-dimensional graphene nanosheets as the spacer to interrupt nanorod self-assembly. Resultant composite presents a marked advantage toward electrochemical storage of Na+ ions. We demonstrate that in half-cells it exhibits large reversible specific capacity in excess of 600 mAh/g, high rate capability with >300 mAh/g retained at 4 A/g, and great cycle life at different current rates. This anode material can also be combined with the NASICON-type Na3V2(PO4)3 cathode in full cells to enable large capacity and good cyclability.