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题目:

Electronic structures of planar and mixed C70/CuPc heterojunctions in organic photovoltaic devices

 

 

作者:

H.X. Wei a, J. Li a, Y. Cai a, Z.Q. Xu a, S.T. Lee b, Y.Q. Li a,*, J.X. Tang a,*

 

 

单位:

a Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China

b Center of Super-Diamond and Advanced Films (COSDAF), Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China

 

 

摘要:

Understanding the electronic structures of organic donor–acceptor heterojunction is of pronounced importance for the optimization of organic photovoltaic cells. Here, the detailed electronic structures of a planar fullerene (C70)/copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) bilayer and a mixed C70:CuPc bulk heterojunction (BHJ) have been studied via in situ photoemission spectroscopy. The results show that the energy level alignment by lining up separately observed energy levels of individual organic materials is not valid for these organic heterojunctions. The energy offset between the highest occupied molecular orbital of donor-like CuPc and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of acceptor-like C70, which is regarded as the origin of open-circuit voltage (VOC), is found to increase from 0.55 eV in the bilayer structure to 0.8 eV in the BHJ, which is possibly associated with the polarizability changes of C70 and CuPc molecules in the BHJs. This change is confirmed by the VOC variation in devices, where the VOC dramatically increased from 0.35 to 0.46 V by replacing the C70/CuPc bilayer with C70:CuPc BHJ. The thermal annealing effect on the mixed C70:CuPc BHJ reveals vertical phase separation, resulting in inhomogeneous concentration distribution in profile.

 

 

影响因子:

3.262

 

 

分区情况:

1


 

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