Van der Waals Epitaxial Growth of Mosaic-Like 2D Platinum Ditelluride Layers for Room-Temperature Mid-Infrared Photodetection up to 10.6 µm
Longhui Zeng1, Di Wu2, Jiansheng Jie3, *, Xiaoyan Ren2, Xin Hu1, Shu Ping Lau1, Yang Chai1, and Yuen Hong Tsang1, *
1Department of Applied Physics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, P. R. China
2School of Physics and Microelectronics, Key Laboratory of Material Physics Ministry of Education, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, P. R. China
3Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, P. R. China
Mid-infrared (MIR) photodetection, covering diverse molecular vibrational regions and atmospheric transmission windows, is vital to civil and military purposes. Versatile use of MIR photodetectors is commonly dominated by HgCdTe alloys, InSb, and quantum superlattices, which are limited by strict operation demands, high-cost, and environmental toxicity. Despite the rapid advances of black phosphorus (BP)-based MIR photodetectors, these are subject to poor stability and large-area integration difficulty. Here, the van der Waals (vdW) epitaxial growth of a wafer-scale 2D platinum ditelluride (PtTe2) layer is reported via a simple tellurium-vapor transformation approach. The 2D PtTe2 layer possesses a unique mosaic-like crystal structure consisting of single-crystal domains with highly preferential  orientation along the normal direction, reducing the influence of interface defects and ensuring efficient out-of-plane carrier transportation. This characteristic, combined with the wide absorption of PtTe2 and well-designed vertical device architecture, makes the PtTe2/Si Schottky junction photodetector capable of sensing ultra-broadband light of up to 10.6 μm with a high specific detectivity. Also, the photodetector exhibits an excellent room-temperature infrared-imaging capability. This approach provides a new design concept for high-performance, room-temperature MIR photodetection based on 2D layered materials.